What is the Full Form of Cookies?
In the digital context, “cookies” don’t have a full form like an acronym. Instead, the term ‘cookie’ in internet parlance refers to a small piece of data sent from a website and stored on the user’s computer by the user’s web browser while the user is browsing. Cookies were designed to be a reliable mechanism for websites to remember stateful information or to record the user’s browsing activity.
History of Cookies
The concept of cookies in computing was introduced by Lou Montulli, a web browser programmer, in 1994. He was working on the Netscape Communications web browser when he developed the idea of cookies to address the problem of reliably implementing a virtual shopping cart. Since then, cookies have become a fundamental aspect of the internet, used for various purposes from shopping carts to personalization of user experience.
Various Types of Cookies
There are several types of cookies, each serving different purposes:
- Session Cookies: These are temporary and are deleted once you close your browser.
- Persistent Cookies: These remain on your device until they expire or are deleted.
- Secure Cookies: These are transmitted over secure HTTPS connections only.
- Third-Party Cookies: Placed by a website other than the one you are currently visiting, often used for advertising and tracking.
Different Parts of the Cookie Process
Understanding cookies also involves looking at their components:
- Name: The unique identifier for the cookie.
- Value: The information the cookie is storing.
- Domain: The domain to which the cookie belongs.
- Path: The path on the domain where the cookie is valid.
- Expiry: The date when the cookie will be deleted.