A hyperlink, commonly referred to as a link, is a reference in an electronic document that lets users jump from one section or page to another with a simple click or tap. It’s a fundamental component of the World Wide Web, essentially forming the web’s interconnected structure.
History of Hyperlink
The idea of hyperlinks predates the internet. It was first conceptualized by Ted Nelson in the 1960s in his project Xanadu. The concept became widely used with the advent of the World Wide Web in the early 1990s, developed by Tim Berners-Lee. Hyperlinks are now integral to web navigation, allowing for easy and quick access to a vast array of information.
Various Types of Hyperlinks
- Text Hyperlinks: Usually underlined text in a different color, clickable to redirect to another page or document.
- Image Hyperlinks: Images that serve as links. Clicking on the image navigates to a specified URL.
- Bookmark Hyperlinks: Links that take you to a specific part of a page or document.
- Email Hyperlinks: When clicked, these open the user’s email client with a pre-addressed email.
Different Parts of the Hyperlink
- Anchor Text: The clickable text in a hyperlink.
- URL (Uniform Resource Locator): The web address to which the hyperlink points.
- Protocol: Indicates how the browser should retrieve the linked resource (e.g., HTTP, HTTPS, mailto).