What is the Full Form of IP Address?
IP address stands for Internet Protocol address. It’s like the digital address of your device on the vast internet – a unique identifier that allows devices to find and communicate with each other.
History of IP Address
The history of the IP address is closely tied to the evolution of the internet. It began with the adoption of the Internet Protocol (IP) in the early 1980s as part of the TCP/IP, the suite of protocols that drive the internet. Initially, IP addresses were 32-bit numbers (IPv4), but due to the explosion of internet devices, a new version, IPv6, using 128-bit numbers, was developed to provide a virtually limitless number of addresses.
Various Types of IP Addresses
- IPv4: The original and most widely used format, consisting of four sets of numbers separated by dots (e.g., 192.168.0.1).
- IPv6: The newer format designed to overcome IPv4 address exhaustion, featuring eight groups of four hexadecimal digits (e.g., 2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334).
- Public IP Address: An address that is unique across the entire internet.
- Private IP Address: Used within a private network and not routable on the global internet.
Different Parts of the IP Address
- Network Part: This portion of the IP address identifies the specific network on which a device is located.
- Host Part: This identifies the specific device within the network.
- Subnet Mask: Often used alongside IP addresses, it helps in dividing the network and host portions of the address.