Choosing a Theme

Creating Custom Menus and Navigation: Designing intuitive and user-friendly navigation by creating custom menus and navigation bars

Now that we’ve mastered featured images, let’s dive into another crucial aspect of WordPress design: custom menus and navigation. The navigation of your blog is like a map that guides visitors through your content. Well-designed navigation is intuitive and aligns with the expectations of your audience, improving user experience and engagement.

Understanding the Importance of Navigation

A well-structured navigation system serves multiple purposes:

  • User Experience: It helps visitors easily find what they are looking for.
  • Content Hierarchy: Effective navigation emphasizes the most important content.
  • SEO: It can positively impact search engine rankings by improving site structure.

Basic Components of Navigation

  • Header Menu: The main navigation menu typically located at the top of the website.
  • Footer Menu: A secondary menu at the bottom, often containing legal information or links to static pages.
  • Sidebar Menu: Often used for sub-navigation or to highlight specific content.
  • Breadcrumbs: Shows the user’s path from the homepage to the current page, and allows them to backtrack easily.

Creating Custom Menus in WordPress

Step 1: Access Menus

In your WordPress dashboard, go to Appearance > Menus.

Step 2: Create a New Menu

Click on “create a new menu”, enter a name for your menu, and click “Create Menu”.

Step 3: Add Items to the Menu

On the left side, you’ll see tabs like Pages, Posts, Custom Links, and Categories. You can add items from these sections to your menu.

Step 4: Arrange Menu Items

Drag and drop the items to arrange them. You can also create sub-items by dragging them slightly to the right under the main item.

Step 5: Select Menu Location

Choose where you want this menu to be displayed (e.g., header, footer).

Step 6: Save Menu

Click “Save Menu” to save your changes.

Customizing the Appearance of Menus

  • CSS Classes: Use custom CSS classes to style menu items. You can do this within the menu editor by expanding the options for each menu item.
  • Mega Menus: These are extensive dropdown menus that showcase more content and may include images. There are plugins like Max Mega Menu that can help you create these.
  • Mobile Responsiveness: Ensure that your menu is mobile-responsive. This might mean creating a hamburger menu for mobile devices.

User-friendly Navigation Best Practices

  • Keep It Simple: Don’t overwhelm users with too many options.
  • Be Descriptive: Use clear and descriptive labels for menu items.
  • Prioritize Content: Place the most important content prominently.
  • Use Dropdowns Sparingly: Too many can make navigation cumbersome.
  • Test Navigation: Regularly test your navigation structure to ensure it meets user expectations.

Using Plugins for Enhanced Navigation

Plugins like WP Mega Menu, UberMenu, and Elementor can help you create more advanced navigation structures and designs.


Custom menus and navigation are foundational to the user experience of your WordPress blog. An intuitive navigation structure guides your visitors through your content, increasing engagement and satisfaction. With menus and navigation in place, let’s focus on guiding visitor interaction through implementing call-to-action buttons.

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