Windows 10 Home vs Pro, What Are The Differences?

Windows 10 Home vs Pro – OK after you decide on the Operating System for your new computer, now the time to decide what Windows 10 version you will choose. Windows 10 comes in two different editions: Windows 10 Home Edition and Windows 10 Pro Edition.
We are going to discuss the differences between the two version so that you can decide which edition is the right for you. At the end of the article, we also will discuss Windows 10 Enterprise Edition.
windows 10 home vs pro

Windows 10 Home vs Pro Differences

For many people using Windows 10 Home Edition will be fine, they can do all daily job with it. However this is not the case with a company that has servers and need other professional function, they will need Pro edition as below:

Active Directory

If you try to run Home edition in a business you’re going to run straight into a management and security nightmare. The most fundamental difference between Home and Pro is Pro’s ability to be joined to Active Directory, or at least to Azure AD. Active Directory is the cornerstone of most business networks. It provides centralized authentication,
security, management, and automation for every single device and user on the network.
If you’re ever tempted to try and build a business network using Home edition to save a few pennies…
don’t. Believe me, I’ve seen it and it will cost you. So if you’re a business and you can’t count your employees on one hand, then the choice is clear; but what if you’re a home user?
Is there any reason to pay for Pro over Home?
Well, yes. I’d say the case is limited to IT professionals and enthusiasts. The professional management tools that you get with Pro can give you more control over different components of your operating system.
If you’re an enthusiast, that might be helpful. If you’re the type to build a homelab then you’re basically running a
business network anyway; so Windows 10 Pro will give you access to all that server-side goodness that you’ve deployed.
If you want to run the management tools on your computer as well, then you’re going to need Pro for that. That doesn’t work with Home.

Remote Desktop

Remote Desktop is a feature that requires by all network administrators and other IT professionals. Although Windows 10 edition also has remote desktop but it only acts as a client so you cannot connect to Windows 10 edition via remote desktop, it cannot act as a host.

There is an alternative you can install Team Viewer, but it’s quite handy when you need to connect to a computer with its built-in function without have to download from the Internet.

Virtualization

Virtualization is another benefit of upgrading to Pro. Using Windows 10 Pro you can create and run virtual machines
using Hyper-V. That’s really handy for testing things out, or for running a limited homelab.
You also get Windows Sandbox, which is essentially a quick, lightweight, and disposable virtual machine that’s isolated from the rest your operating system. That can be handy if you’ve had to download something from the internet, and you need to run it, but you’re not 100% sure if you should trust it. You can create virtual machines and run them using third-party software such as VirtualBox or VMware workstation on Home edition, but those are type 2 hypervisors which means they sit on top of the operating system.
Hyper-V by comparison is a type 1 hypervisor, which means it has direct access to the hardware, and that makes it more efficient.

Encryption

The final reason you might want to choose Pro over Home is support for encryption. Windows 10 Pro supports both the older Encrypting File System which works on a per-file basis and the newer BitLocker which encrypts the entire drive. In most cases it’s BitLocker you want.
Officially, neither of these are supported on Windows 10 Home… but that’s not completely true. Windows 10 Home does support device encryption… which is BitLocker.
The differences are that with the Home edition you don’t really get any control other than it being turned on or turned off; and it only supports a TPM unlock method, not a PIN.
The other thing you get with “proper” BitLocker is support for BitLocker to go. You know those expensive encrypted USB drives? Well, plug in a regular USB drive, right-click, “Turn BitLocker on”, and I just saved you some money.

Performance

In terms of performance, Home and Pro are the same. You’re not going to get better performance by spending extra money to get Pro. Take that money and put it into better hardware instead. There is a difference in the maximum
supported hardware though.
Home tops out at 1 CPU, 64 cores, and 128 GB of RAM; which is let’s face it, more than enough for most people.
Pro on the other hand will go up to 2 CPUs, 128 cores, and 2 TB of RAM. Now, for most people that’s not going to matter, but there are certain workloads that can benefit from it.

Windows 10 Enterprise Edition

windows 10 enterprise edition

The Enterprise edition is only available through business channels, so it’s probably not an option for most home users. You can’t really buy Windows 10 Enterprise outright – what you buy is an upgrade licence that assumes you already have a Pro licence to begin with.
That makes this the most expensive option. Now… yeah, I have to mention this because I can see the comments already. If you type “Windows 10 Enterprise” into Google, you’re going to see some results that seem to contradict that.
You’re going to see it on sale to anyone, and probably at a ridiculously low price. That’s perhaps a topic for another day, but what I will say is you’re unlikely to be seeing those through legitimate channels.
Now there are legitimate sellers of second-hand licenses, who have relationships with Microsoft, and the companies who originally owned the licences, and they have the legal paperwork to back up where each of those licenses came from.
From what I’ve seen, they’re not usually the ones that turn up in those search results with the prices attached, though. In those cases, it’s probably part of a massive trade in grey market licences, which are dodgy at best, and depending on where you live and how you use them may or may not be illegal.
Now, I can’t see what’s on your computer screen and there’s more going on than I can cover here, so I’m not going to try and make any judgment on it. I’m just going to give you that information, and what you do with it is up to you.
What I will cover are some of the main differences between Pro and Enterprise, and why you might want to spend your hard-earned cash on the latter.

ReFS

First up is ReFS – the Resilient File System. Compared to the traditional NTFS file system, ReFS is more resistant to data degradation over time, also known as bit rot. This is an important issue in the datacentre where data storage volumes are growing larger and larger all the time.
Windows 10 Home and Pro can use an ReFS volume, but they can’t create one in the first place. Only Windows 10 Enterprise can do that. One of the main reasons people used to flock to Windows 10 Enterprise was for DirectAccess.
That creates an encrypted connection from your device back to your workplace as soon as the device is online, giving you access to your corporate network. It was like having a VPN connected all the time, and it made life a lot easier for remote workers and the admins who had to support them.
Now, DirectAccess hasn’t gone anywhere, but the case for paying the Enterprise upgrade for it these days is a little
less convincing. That’s because Microsoft have released Always On VPN, which does largely the same thing and is available in Windows 10 Pro.
As you can imagine, a lot of people are migrating from DirectAccess to Always On VPN and ditching the Enterprise licence.

Credential Guard

An Enterprise-only feature that doesn’t get a lot of attention, but I think is quite a good one is Credential Guard.
If you’ve not come across a pass-the-hash attack before, here’s the quick version. If someone gains access to a computer they can steal the credentials of any account that’s logged onto it. They can then use that to access other computers on the network, and that’s how attackers spread out. It’s called lateral movement.
Once they get access to a computer that has an administrator logged on to it, then it’s game over. They now own your network. Credential Guard uses virtualization technology to isolate the credentials of logged-on users away from the rest of the operating system. That can help stop this sort of attack.
There is a pretty good case for upgrading administrative workstations to Enterprise edition just for this feature. Enterprise edition gives you additional ways to lock things down compared to Pro edition.
Like AppLocker for example, which allows you to restrict applications so they can only run if they’ve been specifically whitelisted. If something dodgy does get onto the computer… tough. They can’t run it anyway.

Unified Write Filter

You also get the Unified Write Filter which essentially makes your computer read-only. Once it gets rebooted, any changes that were made are discarded.
You can use that to create a kiosk machine without having to worry too much about what the user might do to it. Reboot, and it never happened.

App-V

Another interesting addition you get with Enterprise is support for App-V. App-V allows you to stream virtualised
applications to your users’ desktops, whilst keeping them all in their own isolated bubble. That’s useful to avoid software conflicts, like if you need to run two different versions of the same software on the same computer; which sometimes happens if you’ve got two different customers with competing software requirements.

BranchCache

Rounding up our Enterprise features we have BranchCache and Windows to Go.
BranchCache keeps a local copy of recently accessed files from a file share, which can speed up access to frequently
used data at remote locations.

Windows to Go

Windows to Go allows you to boot Windows from a USB drive. So, essentially, you can take your corporate desktop, put it in your pocket, and boot it up off some surrogate hardware wherever you happen to be working that day.
That can potentially be a cheaper way of letting people work from home, whilst restricting access to only managed devices, without actually buying them a managed device. You give them Windows to Go, they plug it into their home computer, it boots onto their corporate desktop, which then connects back to the mothership using DirectAccess,
and away they go.
That just about covers the feature differences between Pro and Enterprise. In terms of support, Enterprise gets an
extra 12 months of support, but only on the September release. Remember, there are two releases Windows 10 every year, so this is the second one. That can be handy for large enterprises who sometimes struggle with the 18-month
upgrade cycle.
Just like going from Home to Pro got you a bump in hardware support; going from Pro to Enterprise gets you additional hardware support.
Enterprise can cope with up to 4 CPUs, 256 cores, and a whopping 6TB of memory.
And “yes”. Fit it with the GPU… it’ll run Crysis. But not any better than the Home edition will.

Windows 10 Enterprise E3 and E5

If you’re wondering where E3 and E5 fit into things then, they’re not the operating system. Windows 10 Enterprise E3 and E5 are subscriptions which happen to include the Windows 10 Enterprise operating system, plus additional services.
Those additional services are Virtual Desktop Access rights, and in the case of E5 you get Advanced Threat Protection services as well.

Windows Enterprise LTSC

In addition to Windows 10 Pro and Windows 10 Enterprise, you also have Windows 10 Pro for Workstations and Enterprise LTSC.
Pro for Workstations sits somewhere in-between Pro and Enterprise. Essentially it has the features of Pro, and the hardware support of Enterprise. Plus it has ReFS for some reason.
If you have massive hardware requirements, and you don’t want to pay the extra for Enterprise, then this is the niche you’re looking for. Enterprise LTSC stands for Long-Term Servicing Channel. You know in the days before Windows 10, the way you used to get a new version of Windows every few years, and it would be supported for a decade?
Well, LTSC uses that same legacy servicing model, rather than the 6-monthly updates that the rest of Windows 10 gets. For a lot of admins who are suffering from update fatigue, this might sound very welcome; but there are some downsides.
It’s missing most of the newer apps like Edge, Cortana, and the Windows Store; and you’re probably going to have
software compatibility issues. If you think about it, during the 10 years that LTSC is supported, it’s effectively frozen in time. It’s getting security updates, but it’s not getting new features.
Meanwhile, regular Windows 10 is going to go through 20 different versions in the same period. That’s a lot for vendors to support, and honestly, most of them are probably going to focus on supporting the current mainstream versions of Windows 10.
LTSC isn’t intended for normal use. It’s more for specific devices that you know aren’t going to change. If you’re building an MRI machine and you wanted to put Windows 10 in it, then you don’t want that expensive piece
of equipment breaking in 6 months when the next feature pack comes out; so in that case, you might want to use Enterprise LTSC.
That’s about it for today folks. Hopefully, this helps you understand the different editions of Windows 10 home and Windows 10 Pro and Windows Enterprise edition. Source Youtube.com
How To Change Mouse Sensitivity in Windows 10

How To Change Mouse Sensitivity in Windows 10

Although most of the time mouse setting is good to me however, there are quite many people need to adjust the mouse sensitivity or setting to match their needs.

Luckily Windows 10/8/7/XP has a program in control panel to do this. Type control panel in the search bar and open it. Change view to Small icons. Click mouse icon, you will see some setting we can adjust with our mouse.

how to change mouse sensitivity windows 10
How to Use Cmd Shutdown Command

How to Use Cmd Shutdown Command

I found this cmd shutdown command useful for me as I managed several servers in a different location where physical access is not always possible. My favorite command is shutdown /f /r that will force close the application and restart the server.

Shutdown command is a small useful program that I use for several situations:

cmd shutdown command timer

When normal shutdown does not work

If I run a program that becomes not responding and the end task command also does not work my last resort is to restart or shutdown the computer. However, this is not always working, when this happens I will use cmd shutdown command to accomplish the task.

When I need to shutdown a remote computer that physically away from my location.

Managing several servers in different location need some utility software so that we can manage efficiently, one of them is cmd shutdown command. I use shutdown cmd command to restart the server mostly I never use shutdown command to shutdown because it will need someone to help to turn on the server physically.

shutdown command windows 10
shutdown run command

Shutdown

Shutdown command has a lot of parameter that very useful and can be applied in various situations.

Syntax: shutdown [/i | /l | /s | /sg | /r | /g | /a | /p | /h | /e | /o] [/hybrid] [/soft] [/fw] [/f]
    [/m \computer][/t xxx][/d [p|u:]xx:yy [/c “comment”]]

    /?         Show this help. The same result by not adding any parameter.
    /i         Show GUI interface, must put as the first parameter.
    /l         Log off option. This cannot be combined with /m or /d parameters.
    /s         Shutdown the computer.
    /sg       Shutdown the computer on the next boot, restart any registered applications.
    /r         Full shutdown and restart the computer.
    /g         Full shutdown and restart the computer. After the system is
               rebooted, restart any registered applications.
    /a         If you changed your mind this parameter is to abort a system shutdown.
                As long as the shutdown not initiated yet.
               Combined with /fw to clear any pending boots to firmware.
    /p         Turn off the local computer without time-out or warning.
               It can be combined with /d and /f parameters.
    /h        Hibernate the local computer.
               It can be combined with the /f option.
    /hybrid    Shutdown of the computer and prepares it for fast startup.
               Must be combined with /s parameters.
    /fw        Combined with a shutdown option to cause the next boot to go to the
               firmware user interface.
    /e         Document the reason for an unexpected shutdown of a computer.
    /o         Go to the advanced boot options menu and restart the computer.
               Must be used with /r option.
    /m \computer Specify the target computer.
    /t xxx  Set the time-out period before shutdown to xxx seconds.
               The valid range is 0-315360000 (10 years), with a default of 30.
               If the timeout period is greater than 0, the /f parameter is implied.
    /c “comment” Comment on the reason for the restart or shutdown.
               Maximum of 512 characters allowed.
    /f         Force running applications to close without user warning.
               The /f parameter is implied when a value greater than 0 is
               specified for the /t parameter.
    /d [p|u:]xx:yy  Provide the reason for the restart or shutdown.
               p indicates that the restart or shutdown is planned.
               u indicates that the reason is user-defined.
               If neither p nor u is specified the restart or shutdown is unplanned.
               xx is the major reason number (positive integer less than 256).
               yy is the minor reason number (positive integer less than 65536).

This shutdown command also useful when we need to restart the computer but somehow the button doesn’t react as it should be. This sometimes happen after we installed Windows updates.

Some samples of using the shutdown command:

When we need to force the server to restart and close all the applications without warning we can issue the command:
shutdown /f /r

Need to shut down the computer
shutdown /s

Need to restart the computer
shutdown /r

Need to log off your computer
shutdown /l

Need to abort the shutdown process before it starts initiating
shutdown /a

Just type shutdown without parameter like above and try to combine other parameters to match your requirement.

What Version of Windows Do I Have?

What Version of Windows Do I Have?

In many occasion, you will need to know the precise Windows version you have. When you want to install a software, it will be asking for minimum requirements of Windows version.

In Windows  there are many different version/edition as below:

Windows version and edition

Windows XP Home
Windows XP Professional
Windows XP SP1
Windows XP SP2
Windows 7 Starter
Windows 7 Home Basic
Windows 7 Home Premium
Windows 7 Professional
Windows 7 Ultimate
Windows 8.1 with Bing
Windows 8.1
Windows 8.1 Pro Pro
Windows Phone 8.1
Windows 10 Home
Windows 10 Pro
Windows 10 Mobile

Depends on what version of Windows you are using, below are the steps you can test:

Using Winver command

Press and hold windows key + R key, it will bring you Run command, type Winver and press Enter key.

 how to check windows 10 version

It will show you what Windows version currently you have.

how to check windows version command line

Using System in Control Panel

Open Control panel, see how to open control panel here.
Click System icon

what is the latest version of windows 10

You will detail of Windows version you are using now.

which windows operating system am i running
Where I Can Find Documents Folder On Windows 10 Start Menu?

Where I Can Find Documents Folder On Windows 10 Start Menu?

Many friends asking where to look for Documents, Download, Picture folders in Windows 10. We recently moving from Windows 7 to Windows 10 so this is new to us. In this post, I will show you how to display those folders on the Windows 10 Start Menu.

It is quite easy to do, click start menu in Windows 10, you will be brought to Windows Settings menu.

change windows 10 start menu to classic
Click Personalization button
windows 10 start menu location

Click Start setting

windows 10 start menu all apps
On the right side click Choose which folders appear on Start
 windows 10 start menu customize
windows 10 start menu download
Now you can see all folder you want to display are exist when you click windows 10 start menu. 
windows 10 start menu troubleshooter
If you want to change windows 10 start menu to classic windows 7 menu, I recommend you to use classic shell, with this program you will have performance and features of Windows 10 but with the interface of Windows 7.

Forgot Your Windows 7 Password? See this Video How You can Reset Without Any Software or Tool

Forgot Your Windows 7 Password? See this Video How You can Reset Without Any Software or Tool

This is for your personal computer with windows 7 installed, NOT intended for bypassing password in school or office, they usually already using domain user for login. So if you forgot your password in School or office, just contact the administrator and ask for their help to reset the password.

This is a good method if you forgot your Windows 7 password, not applicable in a domain environment computer network.
This is to reset a password not to find out the current password. Even administrator cannot know your password, they only can reset it for you.

Check this out:

Windows 10 Control Panel Location

Windows 10 Control Panel Location

You may ask where to find control panel in Windows 10? There are several ways you can run control panel on WIndows 10:

1. Click Start, scroll down to W and expand Windows System menu, you will find control panel there.

windows 10 control panel shortcut
2. Click search bar., type control panel and you will see control panel in the top of search result.
windows 10 control panel start menu
Both ways above will bring you to the classic control panel.
control panel windows 10 command

Actually, Windows 10 has its own control panel called Windows Setting and to run it you just need to click the start button, and click the gear icon, it will bring Windows settings.

windows 10 control panel shortcut on desktop

Windows Setting is replacing classic control panel in Windows 10 but at the moment you can use any of them.

windows 10 control panel vs settings
Work with Closed Laptop Lid and External Monitor on Windows 10

Work with Closed Laptop Lid and External Monitor on Windows 10

Did you ever find that when you work with an external monitor and you close the laptop lid, the monitor becomes off?

The laptop changes to sleep mode not completely off, still this is annoying. The reason you want to close the lid is that you want to focus on the bigger screen and not having 2 display with the same content.

Work with Closed Laptop Lid and External Monitor on Windows 10

To fix this situation you need to open power options setting from a control panel. The option when you close the lid is: Do nothing, Sleep, Hibernate, and shutdown.

You must change the setting to Do nothing for On Battery and Plugged in settings, click the Save Changes button.

Open Control Panel>Power Options>Choose What closing the lid does

Or you can search power options and press Enter

Make sure when I close the lid setting are set to Do nothing on Battery and Plugged in option.

Hope this short posting will help you fix the problem.

bad_pool_header error Windows 10 Fix

bad_pool_header error Windows 10 Fix

When you found bad_pool_header error on Windows 10 it is related to hardware, it could be RAM problem or device driver that needs to be replaced.  The complete error message is:

Your PC ran into a problem and need to restart. We’re just collecting some error info, and then we’ll restart for you. (% complete)

Some ways to fix this bad pool header error:

1. Install the latest service pack. Service Pack is a cumulative fix for Microsoft Product, Operating System, and application. Although Microsoft issue daily fix, but it also releases a service pack update.

2. Update the latest hardware driver

3. Use windows recovery process

4. Replace RAM

bad pool header

Related post:

Your PC ran into a problem and needs to restart. We’ll restart for you. Windows 10

Windows 10 Update

Windows 10 Update

Microsoft has realized there’s a difficulty using Windows 10 on lower-end devices that boat with restricted storage. That difficulty, as soon as you get started downloading upgrades there is insufficient space available to install them using an external drive.

windows 10 update

He’s referring to this Spring Creators Update launch in May, also known as Redstone 4, that will observe the Microsoft developers concealed a key mystery in Windows wallpapers since they knew pictures would escape Windows 10 April Update is most likely the new name for Spring Creators Update Google’s Project Zero shows security flaw in Windows 10 S following Microsoft fails to

Previously, Microsoft has just provided a route from Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro, without any additional choices.

The slides appear to imply that both a change and an update would basically be a one-way road; there are no going back with no retrieval While Microsoft has not yet announced the public launch date of Windows 10 Redstone 4, the provider is anticipated to start the rollout and send the last pieces to the initial wave of programs this week.

windows 10 updates download
windows 10 update assistant 1903

Microsoft has touched most of landmarks before the official that the milder Windows 10 may be designed to make sure laptops and tablets with small internal storage can set up Windows 10 attribute updates. Moreover, the Redstone 5 trailer also has phone.

There’s been a great deal of drama surrounding Microsoft’s second significant feature upgrade for Windows 10. It was initially rumored to be known as the Spring Creators Update, after last season’s Creators Update (Spring) along with the Fall Creators Update (Fall).

More recently In ancient 2018 I got an email in the TechRepublic member requesting me to update and upgrade an article I wrote back in 2012 may take to include simple access to Google Docs into Microsoft Windows 10.

The easiest and most effective method is to add hyperlinks Initially scheduled to arrive on April 10, it currently seems upcoming Windows 10 Redstone 4 will not be published until May 8.

Though the Redmond software maker released a new trailer construct — considered to be RTM — past week and it’s been promoted to the Microsoft has released yet another cumulative upgrade for Windows 10, and now just programs running the Fall Creators Update (variant 1709) are receiving it.

KB4093105 lumps the OS model number to 16299.402 and includes a massive changelog.

Another Picture of windows 10 update:

update assistant 1809
update assistant 1903
update 1903
may 2019 update
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