Euro Symbol In Word, Excell, Powerpoint, and WordPress

Euro Symbol (€) is a special symbol that we use a lot while writing on many applications.

Insert Euro symbol in Word

euro symbol

In the Microsoft Word application, you must press Shift and Ctrl and E keys at the same time on your keyboard.

Insert Euro symbol in Excel

euro symbol on excel

In the Microsoft Excel application, put the cursor on any cell, on the top toolbar click Symbol, a new window will open and you just need to click the Euro symbol, that’s it.

Insert Euro symbol in Powerpoint

euro symbol on powerpoint

In the Microsoft PowerPoint application, put the cursor on the text mode on the top toolbar click Symbol, a new window will open and you just need to click the Euro symbol, this is about the same as inserting Euro symbol on Excel.

 

Windows Shortcut Keys to Increase Productivity

Windows Shortcut Keys to Increase Productivity

When you are working long enough with Windows you will know that using shortcut keys in Windows will save you a lot of time, thus increasing productivity.

There are some common shortcut keys where it will work in all Windows application and specific shortcut keys where only works when you are using particular program/application.

windows shortcut keys

Below is common windows shortcut keys:

Windows+D
To go to Desktop from any application without the need to minimize application one by one, I use this a lot, it’s very good.

CTRL+0 Internet Browser (IE, Chrome, Firefox)
Will make you back to 100% view, if you found that your webpage text too small or too large the view percentage has changed from 100%.

CTRL+C
Copy highlighted text /picture to memory, nothing will happen with the original text.

CTRL+X
Copy and delete highlighted text/picture to memory, original text /picture will be deleted. You will use this key combination to move the location of the text.

CTRL+V
Will paste the last result of CTRL+C and CTRL+V to the current cursor location.

CTRL+S
Save active documents same as click File and Save.

PrtSc
Capture desktop to the memory, you will need to CTRL+V in the Paint or other image processing application.

ALT+TAB
Capture only active window to memory/clipboard, you will need to CTRL+V in the Paint, photoshop, or other image processing application.

Command Prompt Commands in Windows 10

Command Prompt Commands in Windows 10

Although Windows 10 is fully GUI operating system, it still keep the best command of the command prompt. It still very useful for many people to do a specific task.
Run command prompt under administrator privilege for the best result. Click search button, type command prompt (don’t press enter key yet), right click and choose run as administrator.

basic cmd commands
Start command prompt in administrator rights

Below is a complete list of command prompt in Windows 10 and some example of usage if any.

command prompt commands
List of command prompt commands in Windows 10

ASSOC          

Displays or modifies file extension associations.

ATTRIB         

Displays or changes file attributes.

BREAK          

Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.

BCDEDIT        

Sets properties in boot database to control boot loading.

CACLS          

Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.

CALL           

Calls one batch program from another.

CD             

Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

CHCP           

Displays or sets the active code page number.

CHDIR          

Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

CHKDSK         

Checks a disk and displays a status report.

CHKNTFS        

Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.

CLS            

Clears the screen.

CMD            

Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.

COLOR          

Sets the default console foreground and background colors.

COMP           

Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.

COMPACT        

Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.

CONVERT        

Converts FAT volumes to NTFS.  You cannot convert the current drive.

COPY          

Copies one or more files to another location.

DATE           

Displays or sets the date.

DEL            

Deletes one or more files.

DIR           

Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.

DISKPART       

Displays or configures Disk Partition properties.

DOSKEY         

Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.

DRIVERQUERY    

Displays current device driver status and properties.

ECHO           

Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.

ENDLOCAL       

Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.

ERASE          

Deletes one or more files.

EXIT           

Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).

FC             

Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences between them.

FIND           

Searches for a text string in a file or files.

FINDSTR        

Searches for strings in files.

FOR            

Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.

FORMAT         

Formats a disk for use with Windows.

FSUTIL         

Displays or configures the file system properties.

FTYPE          

Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.

GOTO           

Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program.

GPRESULT       

Displays Group Policy information for machine or user.

GRAFTABL       

Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.

HELP           

Provides Help information for Windows commands.

ICACLS         

Display, modify, backup, or restore ACLs for files and directories.

IF             

Performs conditional processing in batch programs.

LABEL          

Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.

MD             

Creates a directory.

MKDIR          

Creates a directory.

MKLINK         

Creates Symbolic Links and Hard Links

MODE           

Configures a system device.

MORE           

Displays output one screen at a time.

MOVE           

Moves one or more files from one directory to another
               directory.

OPENFILES     

Displays files opened by remote users for a file share.

PATH           

Displays or sets a search path for executable files.

PAUSE          

Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.

POPD           

Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.

PRINT          

Prints a text file.

PROMPT         

Changes the Windows command prompt.

PUSHD          

Saves the current directory then changes it.

RD             

Removes a directory.

RECOVER        

Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.

REM            

Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.

REN            

Renames a file or files.

RENAME         

Renames a file or files.

REPLACE        

Replaces files.

RMDIR          

Removes a directory.

ROBOCOPY       

Advanced utility to copy files and directory trees

SET            

Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.

SETLOCAL       

Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.

SC             

Displays or configures services (background processes).

SCHTASKS       

Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.

SHIFT          

Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.

SHUTDOWN

Allows proper local or remote shutdown of machine.

SORT           

Sorts input.

START          

Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.

SUBST          

Associates a path with a drive letter.

SYSTEMINFO     

Displays machine specific properties and configuration.

TASKLIST       

Displays all currently running tasks including services.

TASKKILL       

Kill or stop a running process or application.

TIME           

Displays or sets the system time.

TITLE          

Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.

TREE           

Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.

TYPE           

Displays the contents of a text file.

VER            

Displays the Windows version.

VERIFY         

Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.

VOL            

Displays a disk volume label and serial number.

XCOPY          

Copies files and directory trees.

WMIC           

Displays WMI information inside interactive command shell.
If you need list of command prompt in Windows XP, click here.

Text to Binary and Binary to Text, This is How A Computer Translate Your Text to Their Language

Text to Binary and Binary to Text, This is How A Computer Translate Your Text to Their Language

Ever wonder how your computer can translate your command or text into their language (Binary)?
What your computer does is translated your text into ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) code, then translated it into Binary. For example, when I type Yunar, it will translate first into

Text to ASCII symbol

Y=89 u=117 n=110 a=97 r=114

ASCII into Binary value

Y=89= ‭01011001‬
u=117= ‭01110101‬
n=110=  ‭01101110‬
a=97= ‭01100001‬
r=114= ‭01110010‬

Binary to ASCII :

1      1     1     1   1  1   1  1
128+64+32+16+8+4+2+1 = 255

0      0     0     0     0    0   0  0

0  +  0 +  0+  0+   0+  0+ 0+0 = 0
binary to text online
binary to number
Using Windows Calculator to translate from Dec/ASCII to biner.
From search column type Calc, then switch to Programmer.
binary code

Choose DEC, now any numbers you type in the calculator will be translated into Binary, Octex, or Hexadecimal

ASCII to binary
You can find a lot of text to ASCII calculators on the Internet:
ASCII to text
Also read:
How Much is 1 byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte, terabyte, petabyte, exabyte, zettabyte, yottabyte, brontobyte, gegobyte

How Much is 1 byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte, terabyte, petabyte, exabyte, zettabyte, yottabyte, brontobyte, gegobyte

Seems not a very long time ago when I remember hard disk with the capacity of 40 megabytes is huge. Now 500 gigabytes hard disk considered as minimum capacity in the market. That is 12,500x from 40 megabytes.

  • 1 bit is 0 or 1 in biner numbers
  • 1 byte is 8 bits, 1 character is 1 byte
  • 1 kilobyte is 1024 bytes
  • 1 megabyte is 1,024 kilobytes or 1,048,576 bytes
  • 1 gigabyte is 1,024 megabytes or 1,048,576 kilobytes or 1,073,741,824 bytes
  • 1 terabyte is 1024 gigabyte or 1,048,576 megabytes or 1,073,741,824 kilobytes or 1,099,511,627,776 bytes
When I write this post in 2018 the common hard disk capacity in the market is in 500 gigabytes up to 2 terabytes. While SSD capacity is from 128GB up to 1 terabytes, beyond that the price is unreasonable for most of the people.
bytes to gb
  • 1 petabyte is 1024 terabytes or 1,048,576 gigabytes or 1,073,741,824 megabytes or 1,099,511,627,776  kilobytes or 1,125,899,906,842,624 bytes.
  • 1 exabyte is 1,024 petabytes or 1,048,576 terabytes or 1,073,741,824 gigabytes or 1,099,511,627,776 megabytes or 1,125,899,906,842,624 kilobytes or 1,152,921,504,606,846,976 bytes
  • 1 zettabyte is  1024 exabyte is 1,048,576 petabytes or 1,073,741,824 terabytes or 1,099,511,627,776 gigabytes or 1,125,899,906,842,624 megabytes or 1,152,921,504,606,846,976 kilobytes or 1,180,591,620,717,411,303,424 bytes
  • 1 yottabyte is 1,024 zettabyte is  1,048,576 exabyte is 1,073,741,824 petabytes or 1,099,511,627,776 terabytes or 1,125,899,906,842,624 gigabytes or 1,152,921,504,606,846,976 megabytes or 1,180,591,620,717,411,303,424 kilobytes or 1,208,925,819,614,629,174,706,176 bytes
  • 1 brontobyte 1,024 yottabyte is 1,048,576 zettabyte is  1,073,741,824 exabyte is 1,099,511,627,776 petabytes or 1,125,899,906,842,624 terabytes or 1,152,921,504,606,846,976 gigabytes or 1,180,591,620,717,411,303,424 megabytes or 1,208,925,819,614,629,174,706,176 kilobytes or 1,237,940,039,285,380,274,899,124,224 bytes
  • 1 gegobyte 1,024 brontobyte 1,048,576 yottabyte is 1,073,741,824 zettabyte is  1,099,511,627,776 exabyte is 1,125,899,906,842,624 petabytes or 1,152,921,504,606,846,976 terabytes or 1,180,591,620,717,411,303,424 gigabytes or 1,208,925,819,614,629,174,706,176 megabytes or 1,237,940,039,285,380,274,899,124,224 kilobytes or 1,267,650,600,228,229,401,496,703,205,376 bytes
Well gegobyte is a loooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooong 31 digits numbers 🙂
bytes to gigabytes

Also read:
Text to Binary and Binary to Text, This is How A Computer Translate Your Text to Their Language

How Do I Write Letters With Accent Marks In Microsoft Word?

How Do I Write Letters With Accent Marks In Microsoft Word?

On Microsoft Word, if you need to write Á or other letters, just press CTRL key, hold and press Apostrophe key, release both keys and then press A key. The same for other letters like IUEO.

If you want to write on your blog just copy from Word to your blog editor, maybe there another keys combination in your blog editor but instead of remembering different keys combination I prefer to copy and paste from Microsoft Word.

a with accent
To type À or other vocal letter, just press CTRL key, hold and press Tilde key(~), release both keys and then press A key. 

The timing is very important I need several times exercise to type the correct accent character but after that is easy to type correctly.

capital a with accent
To type Â or another vocal letter,  just press CTRL+SHIFT keys, hold and press Caret key(^), release all keys and then press A key.

a with accent french
To type Ä or another vocal letter,  just press CTRL+SHIFT keys, hold and press Colon key(:), release all keys and then press A key.

how to type french accents
To type Å or another vocal letter,  just press CTRL+SHIFT keys, hold and press at sign key(@), release all keys and then press A key.
Also read: Text to Binary and Binary to Text

capital e with accent
Those special accents common use in French, Spanish, and other languages. How to move those accent letters into another application? Just copy and paste from Microsoft Word, that is the easiest way to do.
HTML Color Code for Your Website

HTML Color Code for Your Website

If you need to change the color of a website you will need to know the HTML code for that color. Below is the list of HTML color code.

If you are using Photoshop you can also know what the code is:

html color codes
Color code in Photoshop

Main hexadecimal color codes

Below is a list of some of the common color names and codes. With below colors, you can use the color name instead of code. In HTML and CSS, you type “blue” instead of “#0000FF”.
Hex Color NameColor CodeColor NameHex Color Code
Red#FF0000White#FFFFFF
Cyan#00FFFFSilver#C0C0C0
Blue#0000FFGray or Grey#808080
DarkBlue#0000A0Black#000000
LightBlue#ADD8E6Orange#FFA500
Purple#800080Brown#A52A2A
Yellow#FFFF00Maroon#800000
Lime#00FF00Green#008000
Magenta#FF00FFOlive#808000

More hexadecimal color codes

>

Hex CodeColor
#000000Black
#0C090ANight
#2C3539Gunmetal
#2B1B17Midnight
#34282CCharcoal
#25383CDark Slate Grey
#3B3131Oil
#413839Black Cat
#3D3C3AIridium
#463E3FBlack Eel
#4C4646Black Cow
#504A4BGray Wolf
#565051Vampire Gray
#5C5858Gray Dolphin
#625D5DCarbon Gray
#666362Ash Gray
#6D6968Cloudy Gray
#726E6DSmokey Gray
#736F6EGray
#837E7CGranite
#848482Battleship Gray
#B6B6B4Gray Cloud
#D1D0CEGray Goose
#E5E4E2Platinum
#BCC6CCMetallic Silver
#98AFC7Blue Gray
#6D7B8DLight Slate Gray
#657383Slate Gray
#616D7EJet Gray
#646D7EMist Blue
#566D7EMarble Blue
#737CA1Slate Blue
#4863A0Steel Blue
#2B547EBlue Jay
#2B3856Dark Slate Blue
#151B54Midnight Blue
#000080Navy Blue
#342D7EBlue Whale
#15317ELapis Blue
#151B8DDenim Dark Blue
#0000A0Earth Blue
#0020C2Cobalt Blue
#0041C2Blueberry Blue
#2554C7Sapphire Blue
#1569C7Blue Eyes
#2B60DERoyal Blue
#1F45FCBlue Orchid
#6960ECBlue Lotus
#736AFFLight Slate Blue
#357EC7Windows Blue
#368BC1Glacial Blue Ice
#488AC7Silk Blue
#3090C7Blue Ivy
#659EC7Blue Koi
#87AFC7Columbia Blue
#95B9C7Baby Blue
#728FCELight Steel Blue
#2B65ECOcean Blue
#306EFFBlue Ribbon
#157DECBlue Dress
#1589FFDodger Blue
#6495EDCornflower Blue
#6698FFSky Blue
#38ACECButterfly Blue
#56A5ECIceberg
#5CB3FFCrystal Blue
#3BB9FFDeep Sky Blue
#79BAECDenim Blue
#82CAFALight Sky Blue
#82CAFFDay Sky Blue
#A0CFECJeans Blue
#B7CEECBlue Angel
#B4CFECPastel Blue
#C2DFFFSea Blue
#C6DEFFPowder Blue
#AFDCECCoral Blue
#ADDFFFLight Blue
#BDEDFFRobin Egg Blue
#CFECECPale Blue Lily
#E0FFFFLight Cyan
#EBF4FAWater
#F0F8FFAliceBlue
#F0FFFFAzure
#CCFFFFLight Slate
#93FFE8Light Aquamarine
#9AFEFFElectric Blue
#7FFFD4Aquamarine
#00FFFFCyan or Aqua
#7DFDFETron Blue
#57FEFFBlue Zircon
#8EEBECBlue Lagoon
#50EBECCeleste
#4EE2ECBlue Diamond
#81D8D0Tiffany Blue
#92C7C7Cyan Opaque
#77BFC7Blue Hosta
#78C7C7Northern Lights Blue
#48CCCDMedium Turquoise
#43C6DBTurquoise
#46C7C7Jellyfish
#7BCCB5Blue green
#43BFC7Macaw Blue Green
#3EA99FLight Sea Green
#3B9C9CDark Turquoise
#438D80Sea Turtle Green
#348781Medium Aquamarine
#307D7EGreenish Blue
#5E7D7EGrayish Turquoise
#4C787EBeetle Green
#008080Teal
#4E8975Sea Green
#78866BCamouflage Green
#848b79Sage Green
#617C58Hazel Green
#728C00Venom Green
#667C26Fern Green
#254117Dark Forest Green
#306754Medium Sea Green
#347235Medium Forest Green
#387C44Pine Green
#347C2CJungle Green
#347C17Shamrock Green
#348017Medium Spring Green
#4E9258Forest Green
#6AA121Green Onion
#4AA02CSpring Green
#41A317Lime Green
#3EA055Clover Green
#6CBB3CGreen Snake
#6CC417Alien Green
#4CC417Green Apple
#52D017Yellow Green
#4CC552Kelly Green
#54C571Zombie Green
#99C68EFrog Green
#89C35CGreen Peas
#85BB65Dollar Bill Green
#8BB381Dark Sea Green
#9CB071Iguana Green
#B2C248Avocado Green
#9DC209Pistachio Green
#A1C935Salad Green
#7FE817Hummingbird Green
#59E817Nebula Green
#57E964Stoplight Go Green
#64E986Algae Green
#5EFB6EJade Green
#00FF00Green
#5FFB17Emerald Green
#87F717Lawn Green
#8AFB17Chartreuse
#6AFB92Dragon Green
#98FF98Mint green
#B5EAAAGreen Thumb
#C3FDB8Light Jade
#CCFB5DTea Green
#B1FB17Green Yellow
#BCE954Slime Green
#EDDA74Goldenrod
#EDE275Harvest Gold
#FFE87CSun Yellow
#FFFF00Yellow
#FFF380Corn Yellow
#FFFFC2Parchment
#FFFFCCCream
#FFF8C6Lemon Chiffon
#FFF8DCCornsilk
#F5F5DCBeige
#FBF6D9Blonde
#FAEBD7AntiqueWhite
#F7E7CEChampagne
#FFEBCDBlanchedAlmond
#F3E5ABVanilla
#ECE5B6Tan Brown
#FFE5B4Peach
#FFDB58Mustard
#FFD801Rubber Ducky Yellow
#FDD017Bright Gold
#EAC117Golden brown
#F2BB66Macaroni and Cheese
#FBB917Saffron
#FBB117Beer
#FFA62FCantaloupe
#E9AB17Bee Yellow
#E2A76FBrown Sugar
#DEB887BurlyWood
#FFCBA4Deep Peach
#C9BE62Ginger Brown
#E8A317School Bus Yellow
#EE9A4DSandy Brown
#C8B560Fall Leaf Brown
#D4A017Orange Gold
#C2B280Sand
#C7A317Cookie Brown
#C68E17Caramel
#B5A642Brass
#ADA96EKhaki
#C19A6BCamel brown
#CD7F32Bronze
#C88141Tiger Orange
#C58917Cinnamon
#AF9B60Bullet Shell
#AF7817Dark Goldenrod
#B87333Copper
#966F33Wood
#806517Oak Brown
#827839Moccasin
#827B60Army Brown
#786D5FSandstone
#493D26Mocha
#483C32Taupe
#6F4E37Coffee
#835C3BBrown Bear
#7F5217Red Dirt
#7F462CSepia
#C47451Orange Salmon
#C36241Rust
#C35817Red Fox
#C85A17Chocolate
#CC6600Sedona
#E56717Papaya Orange
#E66C2CHalloween Orange
#F87217Pumpkin Orange
#F87431Construction Cone Orange
#E67451Sunrise Orange
#FF8040Mango Orange
#F88017Dark Orange
#FF7F50Coral
#F88158Basket Ball Orange
#F9966BLight Salmon
#E78A61Tangerine
#E18B6BDark Salmon
#E77471Light Coral
#F75D59Bean Red
#E55451Valentine Red
#E55B3CShocking Orange
#FF0000Red
#FF2400Scarlet
#F62217Ruby Red
#F70D1AFerrari Red
#F62817Fire Engine Red
#E42217Lava Red
#E41B17Love Red
#DC381FGrapefruit
#C34A2CChestnut Red
#C24641Cherry Red
#C04000Mahogany
#C11B17Chilli Pepper
#9F000FCranberry
#990012Red Wine
#8C001ABurgundy
#954535Chestnut
#7E3517Blood Red
#8A4117Sienna
#7E3817Sangria
#800517Firebrick
#810541Maroon
#7D0541Plum Pie
#7E354DVelvet Maroon
#7D0552Plum Velvet
#7F4E52Rosy Finch
#7F5A58Puce
#7F525DDull Purple
#B38481Rosy Brown
#C5908EKhaki Rose
#C48189Pink Bow
#C48793Lipstick Pink
#E8ADAARose
#ECC5C0Rose Gold
#EDC9AFDesert Sand
#FDD7E4Pig Pink
#FCDFFFCotton Candy
#FFDFDDPink Bubble Gum
#FBBBB9Misty Rose
#FAAFBEPink
#FAAFBALight Pink
#F9A7B0Flamingo Pink
#E7A1B0Pink Rose
#E799A3Pink Daisy
#E38AAECadillac Pink
#F778A1Carnation Pink
#E56E94Blush Red
#F660ABHot Pink
#FC6C85Watermelon Pink
#F6358AViolet Red
#F52887Deep Pink
#E45E9DPink Cupcake
#E4287CPink Lemonade
#F535AANeon Pink
#FF00FFMagenta
#E3319DDimorphotheca Magenta
#F433FFBright Neon Pink
#D16587Pale Violet Red
#C25A7CTulip Pink
#CA226BMedium Violet Red
#C12869Rogue Pink
#C12267Burnt Pink
#C25283Bashful Pink
#C12283Dark Carnation Pink
#B93B8FPlum
#7E587EViola Purple
#571B7EPurple Iris
#583759Plum Purple
#4B0082Indigo
#461B7EPurple Monster
#4E387EPurple Haze
#614051Eggplant
#5E5A80Grape
#6A287EPurple Jam
#7D1B7EDark Orchid
#A74AC7Purple Flower
#B048B5Medium Orchid
#6C2DC7Purple Amethyst
#842DCEDark Violet
#8D38C9Violet
#7A5DC7Purple Sage Bush
#7F38ECLovely Purple
#8E35EFPurple
#893BFFAztech Purple
#8467D7Medium Purple
#A23BECJasmine Purple
#B041FFPurple Daffodil
#C45AECTyrian Purple
#9172ECCrocus Purple
#9E7BFFPurple Mimosa
#D462FFHeliotrope Purple
#E238ECCrimson
#C38EC7Purple Dragon
#C8A2C8Lilac
#E6A9ECBlush Pink
#E0B0FFMauve
#C6AEC7Wisteria Purple
#F9B7FFBlossom Pink
#D2B9D3Thistle
#E9CFECPeriwinkle
#EBDDE2Lavender Pinocchio
#E3E4FALavender blue
#FDEEF4Pearl
#FFF5EESeaShell
#FEFCFFMilk White
#FFFFFFWhite
Also read:
Computer BIOS Beeps Code (AMI, AWARD, PHOENIX)

Computer BIOS Beeps Code (AMI, AWARD, PHOENIX)

When there is an error with the Computer, it usually gives a startup beeps code that you can diagnose and follow up, sometimes we don’t understand what the beep means.

These beeps also known as beep POST (Power On System Test) error code.
Every BIOS manufacturer gives different beeps code and below are several leading BIOS manufacturer like AMI, AWARD, and PHOENIX.

BIOS POST beep codes

AMI BIOS POST Beeps Code

Beeps
Error Message
Description
1 shortDRAM refresh failureThe programmable interrupt timer or programmable interrupt controller has probably failed
2 shortMemory parity errorA memory parity error has occurred in the first 64K of RAM.  The RAM IC is probably bad
3 shortBase 64K memory failureA memory failure has occurred in the first 64K of RAM.  The RAM IC is probably bad
4 shortSystem timer failureThe system clock/timer IC has failed or there is a memory error in the first bank of memory
5 shortProcessor errorThe system CPU has failed
6 shortGate A20 failureThe keyboard controller IC has failed, which is not allowing Gate A20 to switch the processor to protected mode. Replace the keyboard controller
7 shortVirtual mode processor exception errorThe CPU has generated an exception error because of a fault in the CPU or motherboard circuitry
8 shortDisplay memory read/write errorThe system video adapter is missing or defective
9 shortROM checksum errorThe contents of the system BIOS ROM does not match the expected checksum value.  The BIOS ROM is probably defective and should be replaced
10 shortCMOS shutdown register read/write errorThe shutdown for the CMOS has failed
11 shortCache errorThe L2 cache is faulty
1 long, 2 shortFailure in video systemAn error was encountered in the video BIOS ROM, or a horizontal retrace failure has been encountered
1 long, 3 shortMemory test failureA fault has been detected in memory above 64KB
1 long, 8 shortDisplay test failureThe video adapter is either missing or defective
2 shortPOST FailureOne of the hardware testa have failed
1 longPOST has passed all tests

AWARD BIOS POST Beeps Code

Beeps
Error Message
Description
1 long, 2 shortIndicates a video error has occurred and the BIOS cannot initialize the video screen to display any additional information.
1 long, 3 shortVideo card not detected (reseat video card) or bad video card
Beeps repeating endlesslyRAM Problem, it could lose contact or broken RAM
Repeated high frequency while PC is runningCPU (Processor) Overheat
Repeated beeps alternating high & low frequency Issue with the processor (CPU), possibly damaged

PHOENIX BIOS POST Beeps Code

1-1-2 would mean 1 beep, a pause, 1 beep, a pause, and 2 beeps.
Beeps
Error Message
Description
1-1-2CPU test failureThe CPU is faulty.  Replace the CPU
Low 1-1-2System board select failureThe motherboard is having an undetermined fault.  Replace the motherboard
1-1-3CMOS read/write errorThe real time clock/CMOS is faulty.   Replace the CMOS if possible
Low 1-1-3Extended CMOS RAM failureThe extended portion of the CMOS RAM has failed.  Replace the CMOS if possible
1-1-4BIOS ROM checksum errorThe BIOS ROM has failed.  Replace the BIOS or upgrade if possible
1-2-1PIT failureThe programmable interrupt timer has failed.  Replace if possible
1-2-2DMA failureThe DMA controller has failed.   Replace the IC if possible
1-2-3DMA read/write failureThe DMA controller has failed.   Replace the IC if possible
1-3-1RAM refresh failureThe RAM refresh controller has failed
1-3-264KB RAM failureThe test of the first 64KB RAM has failed to start
1-3-3First 64KB RAM failureThe first RAM IC has failed.   Replace the IC if possible
1-3-4First 64KB logic failureThe first RAM control logic has failed
1-4-1Address line failureThe address line to the first 64KB RAM has failed
1-4-2Parity RAM failureThe first RAM IC has failed.   Replace if possible
1-4-3EISA fail-safe timer testReplace the motherboard
1-4-4EISA NMI port 462 testReplace the motherboard
2-1-164KB RAM failureBit 0; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-1-264KB RAM failureBit 1; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-1-364KB RAM failureBit 2; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-1-464KB RAM failureBit 3; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-2-164KB RAM failureBit 4; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-2-264KB RAM failureBit 5; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-2-364KB RAM failureBit 6; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-2-464KB RAM failureBit 7; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-3-164KB RAM failureBit 8; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-3-264KB RAM failureBit 9; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-3-364KB RAM failureBit 10; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-3-464KB RAM failureBit 11; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-4-164KB RAM failureBit 12; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-4-264KB RAM failureBit 13; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-4-364KB RAM failureBit 14; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
2-4-464KB RAM failureBit 15; This data bit on the first RAM IC has failed.  Replace the IC if possible
3-1-1Slave DMA register failureThe DMA controller has failed.   Replace the controller if possible
3-1-2Master DMA register failureThe DMA controller had failed.   Replace the controller if possible
3-1-3Master interrupt mask register failureThe interrupt controller IC has failed
3-1-4Slave interrupt mask register failureThe interrupt controller IC has failed
3-2-2Interrupt vector errorThe BIOS was unable to load the interrupt vectors into memory.  Replace the motherboard
3-2-3Reserved
3-2-4Keyboard controller failureThe keyboard controller has failed.   Replace the IC if possible
3-3-1CMOS RAM power badReplace the CMOS battery or CMOS RAM if possible
3-3-2CMOS configuration errorThe CMOS configuration has failed.   Restore the configuration or replace the battery if possible
3-3-3Reserved
3-3-4Video memory failureThere is a problem with the video memory.  Replace the video adapter if possible
3-4-1Video initialization failureThere is a problem with the video adapter.  Reseat the adapter or replace the adapter if possible
4-2-1Timer failureThe system’s timer IC has failed.   Replace the IC if possible
4-2-2Shutdown failureThe CMOS has failed.  Replace the CMOS IC if possible
4-2-3Gate A20 failureThe keyboard controller has failed.   Replace the IC if possible
4-2-4Unexpected interrupt in protected modeThis is a CPU problem.  Replace the CPU and retest
4-3-1RAM test failureSystem RAM addressing circuitry is faulty.  Replace the motherboard
4-3-3Interval timer channel 2 failureThe system timer IC has failed.   Replace the IC if possible
4-3-4Time of day clock failureThe real time clock/CMOS has failed.   Replace the CMOS if possible
4-4-1Serial port failureA error has occurred in the serial port circuitry
4-4-2Parallel port failureA error has occurred in the parallel port circuitry
4-4-3Math coprocessor failureThe math coprocessor has failed.   If possible, replace the MPU

Read:
HTML color code
Command prompt in Windows 10

What Is Space In HTML Code?

What Is Space In HTML Code?

This article will discuss the space code used in HTML that will not break the code itself. Normally when we use a normal space in HTML it will break the script thus it will not run and generating an error. There are some code for space we can use to avoid this, let’s see how…

Space in HTML – &nbps; is a non-breaking space code usually used in HTML. If you are using space character without code.   it will break the code, thus the program cannot read the command correctly.

html space code

To create fixed space you also can use code   it will also create a non-breaking space that will not break the code by word-wrap. To add the code you must edit in HTML mode, not WYSIWIG mode.

In the internet browser if we ad more than one space it will only left one space. If you want to add more than one space then you have to use %20 code, this is also a non-breaking code.

So if you want 5 spaces you can write %20 %20 %20 %20 %20 the spaces will intact and not break the code.

This is the Special HTML codes including   

CharNumeric
code
Named
code
Description
 	 horizontal tab
 
 line feed
 
 carriage return / enter
   non-breaking space

How To Edit HTML file

HTML code or the file can be edited using notepad. Right click on the html file you want to edit, choose open with (hover the mouse pointer) it will open another menu, choose notepad.

space in HTML

For a better interface I usually using Notepad++, the editor will make the user easier in editing html code or other code as it is visually better than normal notepad.

It has a different color for the code, and the meta tag and other HTML syntax easier to trace and to spot if we have a mistake in our coding. The best part is Notepad ++ is a free software.

Not only HTML Notepad++ is also works best for editing a PHP or asp file or another code file.

notepad plus plus

Use of   in  a HTML file

html sample file

Another form of space in HTML is %20. When the file name “HTML sample file.html” opened in the internet browser, it will replace the space with &20

html in browser
What Is Space In HTML Code? 1

Non-breaking Space


Space that will not break the code is called non-breaking space. When there is a space breaking in code then the code will not run correctly as it will become 2 codes instead of 1.

The most common implementation of non-breaking code is in the Internet browser. You will never see an URL using space it will replace by %20

What is HTML:

Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML is a standard markup language for web pages. HTML pages are build from elements of HTML that represented by tags <>

What is PHP:

PHP is a recursive acronym for Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is open-source and a general-purpose of scripting language that can be embedded into HTML.

What PHP can do?

PHP’s main purpose is server-side scripting that can be used to collect form data, send and receive cookies or generate a page with dynamic content and can do more anything you want to.

Sample of PHP script:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>Example</title>
    </head>
    <body>
        <?php
            echo "Hi, this is a PHP script sample!";
        ?>
    </body>
</html>

What is ASP?

ASP is a PHP version from Microsoft.
Active Server Pages (ASP) is a server-side engine script to generate dynamic web pages. Released in Dec 1996, later superseded by ASP.NET in January 2002.

What ASP can do?

ASP can retrieve data on the database by sending a query to the ASP engine, then the server sends the output back to the user, and many more, just like PHP.

ASP script sample

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>
<p>ASP can produce plain text:</p>
<%response.write("Hi, sample of ASP script generating plain text!")%>
</body>
</html>

Read also:

Computer beeps code
HTML color code

What is Alt Code For Checkmark?

What is Alt Code For Checkmark?

Checkmark is a symbol that some times we use but not available directly on the keyboard. To display a checkmark we need to use alt code. The alt code for the checkmark is ALT+251. The alternative way is to use the character map ( if you are not connected to the internet) or use a website like Emojipedia.org to copy a checkmark to your computer using any application.

Are you looking for √ (Checkmark) alt code?

You have to use a keyboard that has a numeric keypad usually, almost all desktop keyboards had a numeric keypad. Today’s laptop is very rare having a numeric keypad, to overcome this you can use USB external keyboard or an on-screen keyboard.

alt code for checkmark

To insert a checkmark in Excell, Windord, or Powerpoint (Microsoft Office Family). Insert Object and choose Wingdings font. Wingdings is in the default list font of Windows so you will find it without the need to add the font.

check mark character
You will find a checkmark symbol at the end of symbol list along with other useful symbols like an arrow, windows logo, cross-check and more.
check mark copy and paste

Read also:
HTML space code
BIOS beeps code

Insert Checkmark on Notepad

Notepad is the one that I find hard to insert a checkmark. I found a way to produce chekmark in a very easy way.

Using character map

Character map is included in Windows. Click the Start button and type character map and windows will suggest you character map, you just need to click it. I cannot find Checkmark but I found Square root and I use it 🙂

Find and click the Square root, click the Select button and click the Copy button.

character map

On the Notepad, paste and you get the Checkmark (Square root).

checkmark on notepad

 

Insert Checkmark on any application

This is the easiest way but requires the internet to finish the job. You can insert the Checkmark on almost any application Except on command prompt.

Open https://emojipedia.org/ and search for Checkmark, click on the result, click Copy button, after that you can paste the Checkmark on any application.

checkmark on emojipedia

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